(1915-1997) theatre personality, was born on 22 August 1915 in Kolkata. He started his theatre career in 1939 at Rangamahal Theatre in Kolkata. In 1943, inspired by the leftist movement, he joined the Indian People's Theatre Association (IPTA). In IPTA he got a chance to establish the form of theatre he envisioned. In Navanna, written by bijan bhattacharya, Shambhu Mitra broke old conventions of theatrical presentations. In 1948, Shambhu Mitra established his own theatre group named bahurupi, which is regarded as a pioneer of the neo-theatrical movement of Bengal.
Shambhu Mitra propagated a disciplined, intelligent, and vibrant theatre. He had achieved great success with movie directing and acting earlier in life, but left the glittering world of films for the uncertain world of the theatre. Mitra directed successful productions of rabindranath tagore's Rakta Karabi, Raja and Char Adhyay, tulsi lahiri's Chheda Tar, Henrik Ibsen's Putul Khela (Doll's House) and Dash Chakra (An Enemy of the People), Sophocles' Raja Oedipus (King Oedipus). He evolved a new form of acting and play-production, which was both classical in nature and oriental in character. It is often said that Rabindranath Tagore's play had to wait for Shambhu Mitra to experience true success.
Shambhu Mitra received many national and international awards, including a DLitt from Rabindra Bharati University, the Magsaysay Award, and the Padmabhushan. He was a fellow of Sangeet Natak Academy. For his work in the movies, he won the Grand-Prix Award at the Karlovivari International Film Festival. Shambhu Mitra's wife, Tripti Mitra, was an equally celebrated personality in the Indian theatre world. Their daughter, Shawli Mitra, has also earned fame as an actress, director and playwright. Shambhu Mitra died at the age of 82 on 18 May 1997 in Kolkata. [Ataur Rahman]
promoted the progressive theatrical movement started by the Indian People's Theatre Association (IPTA). Initially, Bahurupi was headed by shambhu mitra who directed the play Nabanna and also acted in it. Nabanna occupies a significant role in theatre for the masses. Later, with the help of this group Shambhu Mitra, enriched the stage and theatrical practice of Bengal. As a group Bahurupi was set up in 1948. In 1949 a charity show was organised to collect funds for release of prisoners. For this purpose the actors of Bahurupi staged tulsi lahiri's play Pathik.
Among them were not only Shambhu Mitra and Tulsi Lahiri but also Manoranjan Bhattacharya, Kali Sarker, Amar Ganguly, Sabitabrata Dutta and Tripti Mitra. On 17 December 1950 Bahurupi Natya Utsab (Bahurupi Theatre Festival) was held at the New Empire Stage. In the festival three plays was staged: Tulsi Lahiri's Chhedatar and Pathik, and Sri Sanjib's Ulukhagda. In the festival Chhendatar, a play done in a unique style, was performed to acclaim. Later, Chhendatar was staged in China. Moreover, it was acted and translated into different languages such as Urdu, Punjabi, Marathi. Bahurupi then began staging one play after another. It stirred viewers with its prodicton of rabindranath tagore's Char Adhyay and Raktakarabi, Dashchakra, a translation of Ibsen's play by Shanti Bose. On 21 December 1954 Bahurupi brought the Bengal stage great honour by staging Raktakarabi in the First National Theatre Festival held at Sapru House in Delhi.
Bahurupi can claim credit for making Tagore's plays attractive to ordinary people through its attractive production and acting. Bahurupi has staged 32 new plays from October 1949 to 9 December 1971. Among them are seven plays by Rabindranath Tagore (Char Adhyay, Raktakarabi, Svargiya Prahasan, Dakghar, Muktadhara, Bisarjan, Raja), three by Tulsi Lahiri (Pathik, Chhendatar, Chauryananda), six by Shambhu Lahiri, two of Ajit Gangopadhyay, one by Shanti Bose, one by manmatha roy, one by Gangapada Basu, one by Kumar Roy, and other translated plays from home and abroad. Among other plays produced by Bahurupi are Sophocles's King Oedipus, Badal Sarkar's Pagla Ghoda, Baki Itihas, Shudrak's Mrchchhvakatik, Brecht's Galilio, Manoj Mitra's Rajdarshan, and Aguner Pakhi, etc. On 1 May 1974 Bahurupi celebrated 25 years of its life through staging Rabindranth's play Raja at the Akademi Auditorium. By now Bahurupi has not only established a theatrical tradition and acting style through its tireless efforts but has also been able to create fresh interest in the theatre in the viewers' mind. As a result, it has become possible to form excellent theatre groups, to write good plays and to act in them. The net affect os that the number of theatergoers has increased substantially.
Char Adhyay (Rabindranath) - bahurupi
Shambhu Mitra, Tripti Mitra, Gangaprasad Basu, Amar Ganguly, Kumar Roy, Shobhen Majumdar, Ramaprasad Banik & Others
Generally will be seeding between 2:00 a.m. and 8:00 a.m. ( Indian Time )